RubLib 0.04 - A high-level API for IdaRub 

Sebastian Porst ( )

February, 2007


What is RubLib?

RubLib is a high level API for IdaRub. The goal is to maximize expressiveness and to minimize the lines of code necessary to write IDA Pro scripts. As of version 0.04 RubLib provides more than 160 methods that simplify access to segments, functions, instructions and the string list of IDA projects.

Copyright notice and license

RubLib is licensed under the zlib/libpng license. Check out for more information.

Copyright (c) 2006 Sebastian Porst

This software is provided 'as-is', without any express or implied warranty.
In no event will the authors be held liable for any damages arising from the use of this software.

Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any purpose, including commercial
applications, and to alter it and redistribute it freely, subject to the following restrictions:

1. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented; you must not claim that you
wrote the original software. If you use this software in a product, an acknowledgment
in the product documentation would be appreciated but is not required.

2. Altered source versions must be plainly marked as such, and must not be misrepresented
as being the original software.

3. This notice may not be removed or altered from any source distribution.


RubLib is the another way to write scripts for the IDA Pro, the most popular disassembler for binary files. It is built upon the API exposed by spoonm's IdaRub plugin. Thanks to language features provided by the Ruby programming language, IdaRub can already be used to write very high-level IDA Pro scripts. RubLib takes that approach to another level. RubLib puts object-oriented wrappers around the API exposed by IdaRub with the primary goal to minimize the number of lines the end-user has to write in his IDA Pro scripts. This makes RubLib the perfect prototyping library for IDA Pro plugins.

First steps

In this section familiarity with IdaRub is assumed. If you don't know how to use IdaRub please consult the IdaRub helpfile.

 Including RubLib into your scripts

The first steps towards using RubLib are very simple. You only have to include idarub and rublib in your Ruby script.

require 'idarub'
require 'rublib'

If that was successful you can use RubLib.

Creating the IdaFile object

The first thing you need to do is to create an IdaFile object. The IdaFile object is the central object in the RubLib API. It represents the currently loaded file and you use it to access all aspects of the file.

Here's how you create the IdaFile object.

ida, = IdaRub.auto_client
file =

Usage strategy

Here's a short guide on using RubLib. Combined with the examples this guide provides a quick introduction to RubLib. More detailed information about the RubLib API can be found in the API section.


Print information about the first function

function = file[0]
p "%s: %08X" % [, function.address ]


"_FreeGlobal@0: 01001929"

Print the first five lines  in the first function

function = file[0]
function[0..4].each { |line| p line.line }


"mov eax, _g_PageSetupDlg.hDevMode"
"test eax, eax"
"push esi"
"mov esi, ds:__imp__GlobalFree@4; GlobalFree(x)"
"jz short loc_100193C"

Print the names of all functions in the current file

file.each { |function| p }



Print  the names of all functions starting with the character "_" { |function| }.select { |function_name| function_name[0] == ?_ }


["_FreeGlobal@0", "_SetPageSetupDefaults@0", "_NPSize@8", "_NpSaveDialogHookProc
@16", "_GotoAndScrollInView@4", "_SkipProgramName@4", "_UpdateStatusBar@4", "_WinEventFunc@28", "_PFileInPath@4", "_NpResetMenu@4", "_MergeStrings@12", "_AlertBox@20", "_SignalCommDlgError@0", "_ReplaceSel@4", "_GotoDlgProc@16", "_fDetermineFileType@8", "_StringCopyWorkerW@12", "_NpOpenDialogHookProc@16", "_CheckSave@4", "_WinMain@16", "_SetTitle@4", "_NPCommand@12", "_FileDragOpen@0", "_doDrop@8", ...

Sort all functions by the number of incoming code references

p{ |f | [, f[0].crefs_to.length ] }.sort{ |x, y| y[1] <=> x[1] }


[["_RegWriteInt@12", 24], ["_RegGetInt@12", 24], ["@__security_check_cookie@4",17], ["_AlertBox@20", 14], ["_SkipBlanks@4", 6], ["_UpdateStatusBar@4", 6], ["_AlertUser_FileFail@4", 5], ["_CheckSave@4", 5], ["sub_1003F4C", 5], ["_LoadFile@8", 5], ["_SetTitle@4", 5], ["_NPSize@8", 4], ["_SaveFile@12", 4], ["_RegGetString@20", 3], ["_GetFileName@8", 3], ["_RegWriteString@12", 3], ["_StringCopyWorkerW@12", 3], ["_GotoAndScrollInView@4", 3], ["_New@4", 3], ["_Search@4", 3], ["_ReverseEndian@12", 3], ["_PrintHeaderFooter@8", 2], ["_DestroyAbortWnd@0", 2], ...

Print all mnemonics used in the file

p { |f| { |i| i.mnemonic } }.flatten.uniq.sort


["add", "and", "call", "cdq", "cmp", "dec", "idiv", "imul", "inc", "ja", "jb", "jbe", "jg", "jge", "jl", "jle", "jmp", "jnb", "jns", "jnz", "js", "jz", "lea", "leave", "mov", "movs", "movsx", "movzx", "neg", "not", "or", "pop", "push", "pushf", "retn", "sar", "sbb", "setnz", "setz", "shl", "shr", "stos", "sub", "test", "xor"]

Put all function comments into an unordered HTML list

print "<ul>\n" { |function| function.comment != nil }.each { |function| print "<li>%s ( %08X ): %s\n" % [, function.address, function.comment ] }
print "</ul>\n"


<li>_NPInit@16 ( 01004565 ): First function comment
<li>_ReverseEndian@12 ( 01004B65 ): Second function comment

Print all strings from the string list

file.string_list.each { |string| p string.value }



The RubLib API

Please click here for an automatically generated documentation of the  RubLib API. That documentation contains descriptions of all methods and classes RubLib provides.


RubLib 0.04 - February 2007